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The evolution of DIY toy factory management

Apr 21, 2021

Before the first industrial revolution, although there were production or production units, the units were extremely small, not large-scale, and management thoughts were not very developed, so factory management was in its infancy. With the occurrence of the first industrial revolution, technological innovation had a great impact on management thinking. At that time, the basic organization of production had undergone many extremely significant changes. The production method had unprecedented changes. Machines replaced labor. Capitalists began to raise funds and organize labor to engage in mass production by replacing labor with machines. According to the time sequence of change, it can be roughly divided into "family production system", "subsidiary production underwriting system" and "factory production system".

1. Family production system

The household production system was most prevalent in the early 18th century, with self-sufficient households producing for sale in a certain specialized field. The family production system was once popular for a while, for two reasons:

⑴The price of weaving machine or textile machine is limited, so it is easy to engage in production at home, and it is also easy to enter the market;

⑵At that time, the transportation was not very developed, and the transportation was extremely inconvenient. It was not easy for foreign competitors to enter local sales.

Today, when industry and commerce are developed, some places are extremely closed, and the family production system still exists.


2. Subsidiary production and underwriting system

The family production system has prevailed for a long time. Some insightful business people are willing to take risks and bid to buy products produced by families under the family production system, and even further supply the raw materials needed by each family, and purchase them at reasonable prices. The product. As a result, the agency production and underwriting system was born, and the family production system gradually declined. From then on, the members of the family lived on earning wages and were no longer independently operated production units. So far, many domestic factories have used OEM or subcontracted processing methods to distribute materials to families. Each family delivers the finished products or parts to the contracting factory, and each family earns wages from it. This kind of subcontracted processing or OEM production system is a contract production system.


3. Factory production system

The invention of the steam engine at the end of the 18th century changed the entire production method drastically. The high price of steam engines is beyond the reach of ordinary people, and the capital required is quite large, so the "factory production system" came into being. After that, the factory's production system changed rapidly, and the scope of the factory became larger and larger, causing various management problems. If scientific management is not adopted, the management can hardly control the output of the labor employed. In order to achieve the established production goals and increase the output, scientific management must be introduced.


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